Women Uninterrupted is an intergenerational podcast that brings you the difficult, different and ongoing conversations about being a woman.
In this episode, we ask a gynecologist and a clinical psychologist about the physical and psychological consequences of terminating a pregnancy.
host:anna thomasGuests:Shefali Tyagi 博士和 Sunanda Kolhe
Titelmuziek - Carpet Beats:maya dewarka
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Teens and Abortion
Shuchi Bhatt, Therapist
Pro-choice does not mean you support abortion.
Freedom of movement for the purpose of terminating a pregnancy should be considered a mental health condition with significant social and psychological implications.
The psychological impact of teenage abortion can vary depending on personal beliefs, cultural background, and social support. Young people go through many hormonal changes during puberty. These hormones affect their mood, mood, and impulsivity, which in turn affects how they think about dating, sex, and other decisions.
For some teens, the decision to have an abortion can lead to guilt, shame, and regret. I may struggle with self-blame and depression.
It is worth noting that the psychological impact of abortion on adolescents is not only negative. For some young people, the experience can be empowering and give them a sense of control over their reproductive choices.
From a psychological perspective, it is important to consider an individual's unique situation and how this might affect decision making. Overall, the psychological effects of teenage abortion are complex and vary from individual to individual. It is important to approach this issue with sensitivity and provide young people with the resources they need to make informed decisions and deal with the emotional consequences.
In everything we do, we choose a particular direction. Our lives are a product of these choices. If abortion, like any other decision we make, is a conscious and self-aware decision, then it can be empowering.
Hi, I'm Anna Thomas, host of Women Uninterrupted. With me, I have Dr. Shefali Tyagi, Obstetrician with over 19 years experience. Welcome, Dr. Shefali. In this episode, we discuss what happens when a pregnancy is terminated, both medically and psychologically. So I asked clinical psychologist Sunanda Kolhe to join us. In her private practice, Sunanda specializes in women's mental health issues during childbearing. Welcome Sunanda. I want to start by asking, what is the best way for family and friends to react and respond when a couple is going through a miscarriage?
Shefali i Sunanda 博士
arrive:Well, that's a great question. When someone has a miscarriage, it can be difficult to know how to react or react, what to say or not to say. It's hard because everyone is different, and what's okay for one may upset another. Sometimes friends and family are hesitant to say something, or afraid to say it. But I would say it's like sadness. This is a time of mourning. The way to do this is to simply say, “I’m sorry” or “I know this is hard for you; Important, and friends and family often agree that it's best to leave this person alone, as it's a very personal matter. Give her some space but actually sometimes this leads to isolation, it's better to keep in touch, send a message here or there, drop by them, be there for them, if someone is still confused or still not sure what to say and how to respond, Whatever you need to do is sit down and listen to the person expressing his feelings or thoughts. I think it's been a really valuable experience for them and has given them a lot of support.
anna:There is a study to back this up - certainly in the US - about public perception of abortion. Research shows that approximately 41 percent of respondents feel lonely after a miscarriage.
Dr. Shefali, I have a question from the audience. Older relatives often advised us not to announce the pregnancy, they wrote. The unspoken background is that you may lose your baby early on. Then there are many questions from relatives and friends, partly guilt, especially the behavior of the woman: she goes to work, always drinks, is always under stress, and even - she is lazy. What could be the real cause of early pregnancy miscarriage?
Dr. Shefali:Most first trimester miscarriages are linked to the baby's chromosomes and DNA. If chromosome 46 in the sperm—chromosome 23 in the egg—doesn't pair up well, parts of the chromosome are lost: deleted, added. Then nature mostly threw him away. This is the most common cause of miscarriage. Also, it could be some infection in the first trimester: if you have a fever, etc; if you have antibodies in your blood that can starve the pregnancy, or maybe genetic factors like uterine shape, uterine malformation: they can all play a role, But not so obvious. In general, your diet/travel has nothing to do with miscarriage. Unfortunately, it was the woman who was to blame and they continued to confront each other. I see in practice: "What did I do wrong for this to happen?" But the first thing we can assure you is that you have no control over it. There is some wisdom in what the elders say: don't announce it anytime soon because abortion is widespread. That is, every third pregnancy ends in miscarriage. If you test positive, you can tell your parents. Very close family members can be told after seeing the first heartbeat at about six to seven weeks. when you were 12electronic/13. It becomes relatively safe when you get into the second trimester because most babies will go into the second trimester if the baby is genetically healthy. Losses may occur afterwards, but this is very rare.
anna:Common reasons people criticize a woman: She exercises too much; sometimes it can be "I saw her swim" or "I saw her ride a horse" and be stressed. Is stress the cause?
Dr. Shefali:I wouldn't say that. Stress can manifest itself indirectly. But we can't calculate how much stress caused the miscarriage. Some people are really stressed out. Now I have a patient whose husband went into cardiac arrest at 24 weeks. The baby is fine; no miscarriages resulted. What could be more stressful than that? We have office stress, or housewives who don't have much stress and still have miscarriages. I don't think pressure has much of an effect. But of course, we recommend that you keep your pregnancy as stress-free as possible,
anna:What are the signs of miscarriage?
Dr. Shefali:When you test positive, we will ask you to do a blood test called beta HCG. When beta-hCG levels are extremely low, our antennae go up and we want to more or less monitor the rise in beta-HCG. That's usually not appropriate: since it's supposed to double in 48 hours - that's already a bit excessive. That in itself suggests that this pregnancy may not be going well. Later, when we had an early pregnancy scan around week six to seven, we found that the dates were quite different from how the baby was growing. Sometimes the baby can't see or is very small; can't see the heart rate or the gap is large or the heart rate is very low; there is a lot of blood in it. These are all warning signs. Physically, women themselves may bleed, which can be threatening. Any bleeding during pregnancy should be checked right away.
anna:What non-surgical methods are available to treat first trimester miscarriage? What happens if you have a miscarriage?
Dr. Shefali:There used to be a treatment called threatened abortion treatment, and we didn't do anything. Nature went with the flow and after a few weeks it started bleeding and things came out. Now this happens occasionally, but it's a very unpredictable form of treatment. Working women and those with a fast pace of life can't wait weeks for the bleeding to start. Whether there will be a complete miscarriage is another question. Today, wait-list treatments are often not offered. Today we have drugs that can treat miscarriage, the drugs just start to stimulate the uterus and push the product out. Then we look at an ultrasound to see if it's a complete miscarriage. It is important to complete the abortion. No part of the pregnancy should remain in the uterus; complications may result later.
anna:What's the recovery process like; how soon can you return to work? How many days does recovery take?
Dr. Shefali:In medical and surgical procedures, recovery is very fast. Medicine is kind of hard because it's painful. After a week, we usually know if there is a complete miscarriage. So the program is a bit long. You can take two days off during a medical break and one day off during a surgical break where recovery is fairly quick.
anna:How soon after a miscarriage can a woman get pregnant again?
Dr. Shefali:I think they should wait at least two periods before rescheduling. It takes two to three months from miscarriage to planning your next pregnancy.
anna:Sunanda, I want to ask you: How has your partner helped you cope with a miscarriage or miscarriage?
arrive:I think there are two ways here, two very important ways. A partner can actually help in many ways, but the main thing is to be supportive, you know, if the partner wants to vent and talk about her feelings, it's really important for the partner to validate those feelings and comfort her. Another point is communication. I think this is very important: an open communication between two people where a woman naturally feels safe, a space where she understands that she can share her feelings with her partner without having to. Judgment or comment. That would make her a little unhappy. I think that's great support. Open communication and offering support, comfort and listening; be there for her. I think it's very important.
anna:Could anger be one of the answers?
arrive:Angry at a woman?
arrive:That. The most common feelings are guilt, loneliness, anger, helplessness, hopelessness, loss of control, loss of trust in your body, anxiety, and possibly depression.
anna:So it's a natural cycle.
arrive:Yes, it is very common to feel these emotions, but only if they do not start to interfere with daily functioning in some way significantly and clinically, and if the intensity is high, they will be more frequent than usual and last longer, such as over six After a few months, you should consult a psychologist or specialist.
anna:How would you advise a minor who comes to you with an unwanted pregnancy? What process did you go through there?
arrive:Yes, this is a very important and very sensitive issue. A minor usually comes with his parents, right? So it's going to be a family. First, we have individual therapy with the minor, then an educational therapy, psychoeducation of the parents, therapy with the parents. We'll bring them all together and talk later. When it comes to counseling girls one-on-one, I think some of the most important things are the counselor's empathetic attitude as opposed to hostility, non-judgmental attitude, and honesty. I think that's also really important: to be able to really understand what she's saying and where she's coming from. And, as Dr. Shefali and you also mentioned before, self-blame often takes over. It's very important for the therapist to address this self-blame and regret: "It's okay, you know, it's okay that it happened." But, of course, steps can be taken to prevent this from happening in the future. When we talk to parents, it's more about educating them about the natural flow of emotions and behaviors that a minor may exhibit and may feel. Educate them on how to deal with these behaviors and feelings, no matter what stage of pregnancy the girl is in; what happened during that time, and how it all combined to cause her to exhibit any emotions, behaviors or character traits. Ultimately, when we put them together, the two sides are actually talking to each other and trying to come to an agreement. That's the goal: both must be on the same page.
anna:Dr. Shefali here is a medical law graduate from NLSIU and I want to ask her: In 1997 I found out I was pregnant with my second child. At my first gynecologist visit, she asked if I wanted a gender test. She called it amniocentesis. Confused, asked why. She said: Your first child is a daughter; do you have a girlfriend. Many of our patients ask for tests because they no longer want girls, she said. Dr. Shefali, I have never been to that clinic again. I have no reason not to report. How should an ordinary citizen react when she learns that a sex test is being done somewhere with the intention of aborting female fetuses? Should I file a FIR? Do I have to report to the medical board on their website?
Dr. Shefali:These days, it's absolutely illegal to even ask for a gender test. Well, maybe people will ask a week before delivery because the curiosity is clearly there. A nine-month pregnant woman will ask: Doctor, I can't do anything now, can't you tell me now? But that's a big no. Under Indian law, doctors can be jailed and have their licenses revoked if the gender identification is discovered. There is a very strict PCPNDT Act. Everyone who owns an ultrasound machine must have this registration, a license, and must show everywhere that no gender identification is done. In smaller places, maybe small towns in India, it's still done, but definitely illegal. And that's actually a crime. You can file an FIR and report it to MCI later. This practice must absolutely stop in India. On the subway, no one will even tell...not even our fellow doctors...we won't tell you what gender you are; it's always a surprise to all of us.
anna:Our country does not give married and unmarried women equal abortion rights up to 24 weeks until 2022. What legal changes do you expect to give women the absolute right to bodily integrity during childbearing?
Dr. Shefali:Of course, India is way ahead when it comes to abortion laws compared to the rest of the world. They won't even do the scan in Europe - as with any deformed baby you have, be patient with her. They won't even talk about firing. We are very enlightened and unmarried women have the same abortion rights as married women; it has been around since the Medical Termination Act of 1971, but the change from 20 weeks to 24 weeks is very recent, which is actually a great advantage, Because there are a lot of anomalies over time. At 19 weeks, they are in the developmental stage, we doubt it. Then suddenly the 20-week deadline hits: there's nothing you can do after that. You know, you wash your hands and say, I can't be fired illegally. Fortunately, the Supreme Court has now extended that guideline to 24 weeks. Now we have time to see, confirm, get a second opinion and be pretty sure the baby is abnormal and needs to be terminated. In this regard, I think India is doing very well. And cancel after 24 weeks: Most people know and are educated by now; at 24 weeks it is reasonable to think you are pregnant. After that, I thought they were a one-off and they wanted to quit - but they really shouldn't. It's not that safe for both mom and baby: the baby isn't fully alive yet, but the baby will still be born alive at that moment. If you don't come back to life, it's heartbreaking, fighting for your life, crying for hours. It's inhumane and unfair. I think 24 weeks is a good time.
anna:Thank you Dr. Shefari and Sunanda. If you have any questions about this episode, please write to us at the following email address: firstname.lastname@example.org with subject line: Women Without Interruptions. For anxiety and other mental health concerns call Kiran's 24/7 free national mental health helpline on 18005990019. Unsubscribe from this episode of The Women Don't Stop podcast, brought to you by The Hindu.
Hindu Podcast/Nonstop Women's Podcast
Do 1 in 4 pregnancies end in miscarriage? ›
Even if they now have other children, the child (or children) lost is not forgotten. One in four pregnancies ends in miscarriage—that's not one in four women will have a miscarriage, but that in all pregnancies, 25 percent of them will end in grief.What is the most common week to miscarry? ›
Most miscarriages - 8 out of 10 (80 percent) - happen in the first trimester before the 12th week of pregnancy. Miscarriage in the second trimester (between 13 and 19 weeks) happens in 1 to 5 in 100 (1 to 5 percent) pregnancies. Pregnancy loss that happens after 20 weeks is called stillbirth.How long does it take to miscarry? ›
If it is an incomplete miscarriage (where some but not all pregnancy tissue has passed) it will often happen within days, but for a missed miscarriage (where the fetus or embryo has stopped growing but no tissue has passed) it might take as long as three to four weeks.What is the physical recovery after a miscarriage? ›
Physical recovery is usually quick.
Most women resume their regular activities a day or two after they pass the tissue or have a D&C. For some, nausea and other pregnancy symptoms stop before their ob-gyn diagnoses a miscarriage. For others, these symptoms go away a few days after the tissue passes.
About 15%-25% of recognized pregnancies will end in a miscarriage. More than 80% of miscarriages happen within the first 3 months of pregnancy. Miscarriages are less likely to happen after 20 weeks. When they do, doctors call them late miscarriages.What does I am 1 in 4 mean? ›
Today is National Pregnancy and Infant Loss Awareness Day. 1 in 4 women experience a miscarriage in their lives, yet how many women do you know who actually talk about it? I doubt very many.Why is it so easy to get pregnant after a miscarriage? ›
Waiting for a full two months—or for a complete and normal menstrual cycle, which generally takes about two months—ensures that the pregnancy hormone hCG has dipped to levels so low that it's undetectable. The uterine lining will also return to normal, making it receptive to receiving a future fertilized embryo.What can accidentally cause a miscarriage? ›
- Exposure to TORCH diseases.
- Hormonal imbalances.
- Improper implantation of fertilized egg in your uterine lining.
- How old you are.
- Uterine abnormalities.
- Incompetent cervix (your cervix begins to open too early in pregnancy).
Not all miscarriages are physically painful, but most people have cramping. The cramps are really strong for some people, and light for others (like a period or less). It's also common to have vaginal bleeding and to pass large blood clots up to the size of a lemon.What not to do after miscarriage? ›
No sex, tampons, or douching for 2 weeks.
We recommend waiting until after 2 normal periods to attempt pregnancy again.
How many hours does a miscarriage last? ›
Once the miscarriage has started, the tissue and heaviest bleeding should be passed in about three to five hours. After the fetus has passed, you may still experience spotting and mild tissue loss for one to two weeks.What does a miscarriage clot look like? ›
The clots that are passed are dark red and look like jelly. They might have what looks like a membrane inside, which is part of the placenta. The sac will be inside one of the clots. At this time, the developing baby is usually fully formed but still tiny and difficult to see.Do I need bed rest after miscarriage? ›
How long should women rest after a miscarriage? Thankfully, the answer is that they don't really need to very much. The majority of women should feel physically after two or three days.Why can't you take a bath after a miscarriage? ›
There is no reason to avoid having a bath or shower on the day following a miscarriage. It is advised to use warm water rather than very hot water. You can resume swimming as soon as you feel fit enough to do so although it is advisable to wait until any vaginal bleeding or discharge has stopped.How can I clean my uterus after a miscarriage naturally? ›
- Take Rest and Proper Medications. Give yourself an ample amount of rest as it is paramount. ...
- Hot and Cold Compress. Most women feel headaches and body ache after miscarriage. ...
- Nutrient-rich diet. ...
- Manage Stress. ...
- Use of Herbs.
In the United States, the most common recommendation was to wait three months for the uterus to heal and cycles to get back to normal. The World Health Organization has recommended six months, again to let the body heal.Are you very fertile after a miscarriage? ›
You can ovulate and become pregnant as soon as two weeks after a miscarriage. Once you feel emotionally and physically ready for pregnancy after miscarriage, ask your health care provider for guidance. After one miscarriage, there might be no need to wait to conceive.Can stress cause a miscarriage? ›
While excessive stress isn't good for your overall health, there's no evidence that stress results in miscarriage. About 10% to 20% of known pregnancies end in miscarriage.What are the odds of miscarriage by age? ›
Women older than age 35 have a higher risk of miscarriage than do younger women. At age 35, you have about a 20 percent risk. At age 40, the risk is about 40 percent. And at age 45, it's about 80 percent.Is 6 weeks too early to tell family you're pregnant? ›
Pregnant women are often advised to wait until they pass the 12-week mark, when the risk of miscarriage drops sharply, to announce their pregnancies to the world.
Are miscarriages rare? ›
Miscarriages are much more common than most people realise. Among people who know they're pregnant, it's estimated about 1 in 8 pregnancies will end in miscarriage. Many more miscarriages happen before a person is even aware they're pregnant.Is it harder to have a baby after a miscarriage? ›
There is no simple answer to this. Some people get pregnant immediately after a miscarriage. Other couples take a bit longer. Try not to worry if you've conceived quickly in the past and it's taking longer this time, it may just be your hormones and body need time to readjust.Do you Hyperovulate after a miscarriage? ›
Hyperovulation after miscarriage
It's possible to ovulate and get pregnant as soon as two weeks after a miscarriage. While some sources state that fertility goes up after pregnancy loss, studies show mixed findings.
Superfetation is a phenomenon that occurs when a pregnant woman releases an egg, usually a few weeks into her pregnancy, and it's fertilized and implants in the uterus. The result is two separate pregnancies happening at the same time.Which sleeping position can cause miscarriage? ›
Many physicians advise pregnant women to sleep on their left side. Previous studies have linked back and right-side sleeping with a higher risk of stillbirth, reduced fetal growth, low birth weight, and preeclampsia, a life-threatening high blood pressure disorder that affects the mother.What teas cause miscarriage during pregnancy? ›
Sage tea: It's OK to use sage in cooking, but you should avoid sage in concentrated forms during pregnancy such as in teas. It's been linked to miscarriage and high blood pressure.Can caffeine cause miscarriages? ›
NIH Study on Caffeine
In addition, women also are more likely to miscarry if they drink more than 200 mg of caffeinated beverages a day during the first seven weeks of pregnancy.
If you think you have had a miscarriage, your doctor will conduct tests to confirm whether or not this is true. You may have a blood and urine test and you may also have an ultrasound scan and an examination of your pelvic area.How much tissue will I pass during miscarriage? ›
Depending on the point at which the pregnancy stopped developing, the expelled tissue could range in size from as small as a pea to as big or bigger than an orange.Is a miscarriage at 6 weeks painful? ›
If you have a miscarriage in the middle to late first trimester, your cramping can be anywhere from barely noticeable to heavy and intense. Heavy cramping during a miscarriage is usually not a sign of a medical emergency, but if you are concerned, it is wise to check with your doctor to rule out complications.
What do hospitals do with miscarried babies? ›
The provider may dispose of the miscarried fetus by burial or cremation. You can ask your healthcare provider if you want to know the specific method for disposition. Know that Intermountain will honor your wishes. Read further to learn about other decisions you may need to make after your pregnancy ends.What do doctors do with the baby after a miscarriage? ›
Burial or cremations. Although there is no legal requirement to have a burial or cremation, some hospitals offer burials or cremations for miscarried babies. Sometimes a number of babies are buried or cremated together.What is bed rest after miscarriage? ›
Bed rest is probably the most commonly prescribed intervention for preventing miscarriage (Cunningham 1993; Schwarcz 1995), being mainly indicated in cases of threatened miscarriage (vaginal bleeding before 23 weeks of gestational age) but also in cases of a previous history of miscarriage (Goldenberg 1994).How long after a miscarriage does your uterus shrink? ›
It takes about six weeks for your uterus to return to its pre-pregnancy weight and size.What to eat after miscarriage? ›
Eat a balanced diet that is high in iron and vitamin C. Foods rich in iron include red meat, shellfish, eggs, beans, and leafy green vegetables. Foods high in vitamin C include citrus fruits, tomatoes, and broccoli. Talk to your doctor about whether you need to take iron pills or a multivitamin.What should I do after miscarriage at home? ›
- Rest for a week if you had a miscarriage in your first trimester. ...
- You'll need bed rest if it happened between 6 to 8 weeks. ...
- Avoid doing household chores. ...
- Don't skip medication. ...
- Avoid sexual intercourse. ...
- Don't douche. ...
- No intense workout sessions.
The term refers to a pregnancy in which there is some level of bleeding, but the cervix remains closed and the ultrasound shows that the baby's heart is still beating.What is the GREY tissue in a miscarriage? ›
You may have some cramping and bleeding, but it shouldn't be severe. You may pass fetal tissue. It may appear as a 1-inch or larger piece of gray or pink tissue. When you are ready, you can start to go back to your normal routine.Does a miscarriage come out as a blood clot? ›
The most common sign of miscarriage is vaginal bleeding.
This can vary from light spotting or brownish discharge to heavy bleeding and bright-red blood or clots. The bleeding may come and go over several days.
After a miscarriage
Unless all the pregnancy tissue has been passed, your doctor will usually recommend that a curette (also called a 'D&C' – dilation and curettage) be performed. This is done under a light general anaesthetic and you can usually go home later the same day.
Should I go to work the day after a miscarriage? ›
Some employers think that you can only take two weeks of pregnancy-related sickness following a miscarriage. This is not the case. It is up to your GP or other health professionals to advise on time off work following a miscarriage and whether your sickness is related to your pregnancy or miscarriage.What fruits to eat after miscarriage? ›
Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits like oranges and grapefruits, berries, kiwi, bell peppers, and leafy greens like spinach and kale. Incorporating these foods into your diet during recovery is essential to support your body's healing process.How do they clean the womb after miscarriage? ›
Dilation and curettage (D&C) is a procedure to remove tissue from inside your uterus. Health care providers perform dilation and curettage to diagnose and treat certain uterine conditions — such as heavy bleeding — or to clear the uterine lining after a miscarriage or abortion.How do I know my miscarriage is complete? ›
If you have a miscarriage in your first trimester, you may choose to wait 7 to 14 days after a miscarriage for the tissue to pass out naturally. This is called expectant management. If the pain and bleeding have lessened or stopped completely during this time, this usually means the miscarriage has finished.What not to say after miscarriage? ›
"At least you weren't further along."
It's true that the further along you are in your pregnancy, the more complications can happen during the loss—but this phrase tries to diminish the pain felt, perpetuating the idea that a baby lost in the first trimester doesn't necessitate any grief.
Drinking a lot of water and other fluids can help you cope with losing energy during a miscarriage. The above are considered foods, eat them for fast healing after a miscarriage.
This treatment involves a surgical procedure known as a dilatation and curettage (D&C) which is done under a general anaesthetic. The procedure will remove any pregnancy tissue from your uterus. It is successful in 95 to 100 per cent of cases but there are small surgical risks.What foods clean your uterus? ›
- Nuts and seeds. Nuts such as almonds, cashews and walnuts, and seeds such as flaxseed are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and good cholesterol. ...
- Leafy vegetables. ...
- Fresh fruits. ...
- Lemons. ...
- Whole grains.
About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. But the actual number is likely higher because many miscarriages occur very early in pregnancy — before you might even know about a pregnancy.What does 1 in 4 mean infertility? ›
In the United States, among married women aged 15 to 49 years with no prior births, about 1 in 5 (19%) are unable to get pregnant after one year of trying (infertility). Also, about 1 in 4 (26%) women in this group have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term (impaired fecundity).
What is the odds ratio for miscarriage? ›
Overall, the "average" risk of miscarriage is estimated to be between 12% and 15% of recognized pregnancies by 20 weeks gestation.Do as many as 50% of pregnancies end in miscarriage? ›
Introduction. Miscarriages are extremely common, occurring in up to an estimated 30% of all pregnancies.Are you more fertile after a miscarriage? ›
For example, one 2005 study1 by British researchers found that the "time to pregnancy" was longer after a miscarriage, meaning it took longer for people who had a miscarriage to conceive again. In contrast, a 2003 study2 found higher odds of conception in the cycle immediately following an early pregnancy loss.Can 1 in 4 couples not conceive naturally? ›
About 84% of couples will conceive naturally within a year if they have regular unprotected sex (every 2 or 3 days). For couples who have been trying to conceive for more than 3 years without success, the likelihood of getting pregnant naturally within the next year is 1 in 4, or less.Under what number of sperm is one considered to be infertile? ›
The authors conclude that a sperm count of less than 13.5 million per mL, motility less than 32 percent, and less than 9 percent normal morphologic sperm forms predicted infertility (see accompanying table).What stage are you most infertile? ›
|Day of cycle||Stage||Fertility|
|1–7||menstruation||least fertile stage|
|8–9||post-menstruation||possible to conceive|
|10–14||days around ovulation||most fertile|
|15–16||post-ovulation||possible to conceive|
Having a miscarriage can be devastating, but having one after another is often a very traumatic experience. If you have had 3 or more miscarriages in row, you should be referred to a specialist unit dedicated to managing recurrent miscarriage. You can have tests and investigations to find a possible reason.Why does miscarriage increase with age? ›
The main reason for the increased risk for miscarriage in “older” women is due to the increase in chromosomal abnormalities (abnormal karyotype) in their eggs.Are you more likely to miscarry if your mother miscarried? ›
4 DISCUSSION. The pooled data from observational studies suggest that women who miscarry may be more likely to have a family history of miscarriage. There also appears to be a familial predisposition to recurrent miscarriage, as evidenced in both analyses.Why do most miscarriages happen at 6 weeks? ›
Common First Trimester Miscarriages
Most miscarriages happen between 6 and 8 weeks gestation. We know that most of these occur due to a major genetic abnormality in the fetus. The sperm and the egg (which are known as gametes) each contain half the genetic material necessary for a complete person.